Wednesday, July 27, 2011

Utterances, Sentences, and Proposition in Semantic


DEFINITION OF PROPOSITION:
  • A proposition is that part of the meaning of the utterance of a declarative sentence which describes some state of affairs. 
  • In uttering a declarative sentence a speaker typically asserts a proposition.
  • The notion of truth can be used to decide whether two sentences express different propositions.
  • In a condition where o sentence is true while the other is false, they express different propositions.
  • True propositions correspond to facts, in the ordinary sense of the word fact. False propositions do not correspond to facts.

     RELATIONSHIP SUTTERANCES, SENTENCES, AND PROPOSITION:

     FAMILY TREE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UTTERANCES, SENTENCES, AND PROPOSITIONS:

    Based on the tree diagram above, we can conclude thatt a single proposition could be expressed by using several different sentences and each of these sentences could be uttered an infinite number of times

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